Apple has finally given us a decent file manager in iOS 11. The new "Files" app replaces the not-very-old iCloud Drive app that appeared in iOS 9, but you can still access your iCloud Drive files in the new Files app, as well as files from third-party cloud services. A nice improvement, right?
Files works best on an iPad, but we're focusing this guide on the iPhone, where you can do a lot of the same things, only on a much smaller screen.
While it's not quite like a file manager you would find on an Android device, it's still a step up from anything Apple has offered before. When you first open the Files app, you'll land on either the "Recents" or "Browse" tab for iCloud Drive. Recents shows your most recently access images and documents, as the name suggests, and Browse takes you to the main iCloud Drive page.
On the iCloud Drive page, you can sort files and folders by name, date, size, or tags by tapping on the "Sorted by ..." drop-down. You can also tap on the list icon next to it to switch between grid and list views. There's also an option to create a new folder so you can better organize your files in iCloud Drive.
By tapping on the "Select" button, empty bullets either appear next to each item (when in list view) in the current folder or on top of each item (in grid view). When you select items, you'll have the options to either share them, copy them, add them to another folder, or delete them — with a few exceptions.
You cannot share any folders, only single files. Also, you cannot move any Apple-created folders to any other folders — they must remain in the main iCloud Drive section. This includes apps such as Documents, Automator, Keynote, Numbers, Pages, TextEdit, Workflow, and any other Apple apps you've synced with iCloud Drive either from iOS or macOS.
When you tap on the share icon, you'll see options to share or copy the files over to another application. You can also save images to your Photos app, copy items, print images or documents, etc. There's also a little "+Tag" icon at the top of the menu that lets you quickly tag the item/s with a default or custom tag. If you use a Mac, you're probably well acquainted with these tags already.
When you copy items, they will appear in the same folder that you're currently in, and be appended with a "2" or even a "3" if you've copied them before. You can always rename the folders later.
When you move files or folders, you can select to move them to any folders in your iCloud Drive. You can also choose to move them to certain stock folders in the "On My iPhone" section. In a previous version of Files, you could access all of your "On My iPhone" files separately, but now you can only access the files in their respective apps.
In the share sheet, with one image or document selected, you can "Add People" to collaborate with you. You can invite them to collaborate via a message, email, tweet, Facebook message, etc. You can also tap on "Share Options" to change who can access the file and what permissions they will have.
Just like on the home screen or in apps such as Photos, you can drag and drop items in the Files app — as long as you stay in the iCloud Drive location. You can even drag and drop items over to the Tags section. For more information on that and other ways to drag and drop in Files, see our full guide on the topic.
Without open photos and PDFs in other apps on your iPhone, when you preview them, you'll have the option to mark them up and save them directly inside the Files app. Just tap on the marker icon when previewing an image or PDF to get to the markup tools.
When you long-press on a folder or file, you get options that let you do things such as copy, duplicate, rename, move, delete, favorite, share, add tags, or get more info. The long-press contextual menu only works in iCloud Drive, not in third-party cloud drives.
While most of the cool tools are available in the iCloud Drive location only, there are third-party cloud services you can access from the Files app. To do so, from the iCloud Drive section, tap on "Locations." Alternatively, you can put your iPhone in landscape mode and see the Browse window with all of the available locations listed.
Right now, we've noticed that Box, Google Drive, and Dropbox are all supported. All you have to do is make sure you have the app installed and you're set. Future services will be supported as well, such as Creative Cloud.
You can open most photos and documents in all of these third-party cloud services, but you can only really open up the share sheet when in them. If they are images or PDF files, you can also add markup to them before sharing them. And you can share them to your iCloud Drive by selecting "Save to Files" from the share sheet.
To help you understand a little bit better when it comes to what you can do with certain files types, we've created a quick list. Keep in mind that some of these files act weird in the third-party cloud services, so the most you may be able to do for those is share them.
- Photos: Most can be previewed, marked up, and shared.
- PDFs: Most can be previewed, marked up, and shared.
- Excel spreadsheets: Can be previewed and shared. Not all file extensions are supported.
- Word documents: Can be previewed and shared. Not all file extensions are supported.
- Movies: Can be played and shared. Not all file extensions are supported.
- ZIP files: Contents can be previewed in some .zip files, but not all. Depending on the file types listed above, they can be previewed, played, marked up, and shared. You cannot fully unzip or zip.
- Google documents: You can't access them.
Also note that when it comes to files created with certain Apple apps (Pages, Numbers, GarageBand, etc.), you can't preview them — when you tap on the files, they will open in their respective parent app instead.
This is a great start to an actual file manager in iOS, but there's obviously a few things it can improve on. For instance, when you preview a file in a third-party cloud drive, once you're done, it will take you back to the main Browse window instead of back to where you were in the third-party cloud drive.
It would also be nice to have a separate "On My iPhone" drive like the early betas had, so you can view things that are downloaded onto your iPhone but not actually in iCloud Drive. Right now, the only indicator that something is downloaded onto your device in iCloud Drive is that there is no cloud icon on the thumbnail.
And it would be nice to move something from iCloud Drive to the iPhone's built-in storage — or ever to third-party cloud services. A way to open up files in their respective parent apps from third-party cloud services would also be appreciated.
What would you like to see in the Files app? Share your thoughts below!
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